H Pylori

What is H. Pylori?

Helicobacter pylori: A Common Gastric Pathogen
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that colonizes the stomach lining. Its presence can trigger the formation of sores and inflammation within the stomach or the upper segment of the small intestine (duodenum). While most individuals remain asymptomatic, H. pylori infection remains the single most common cause of peptic ulcers, painful open sores in the digestive tract. In rare instances, it may even contribute to the development of stomach cancer.
Despite its prevalence, affecting roughly two-thirds of the world’s population, H. pylori often remains asymptomatic. Nevertheless, its association with significant digestive complications necessitates awareness and appropriate management.

Causes of H. Pylori?

Causes H. pylori bacteria usually spread from person to person and also likely through:
  • Dirty food, water, or utensils
  • Mouth to mouth (kissing)
  • Contaminated poop or vomit

Symptoms Of H. Pylori?

While merely harboring H. pylori bacteria may not cause symptoms, you’re likely to experience them if you develop gastritis (stomach inflammation) or a peptic ulcer as a result of the infection. The most prevalent symptom is a dull or burning pain in the abdomen, which may come and go and worsen when your stomach is empty. Eating, drinking milk, or taking antacids may offer temporary relief.
Other potential symptoms include:
  • Bloating
  • Burping
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis of H. Pylori?

H. pylori tests
There are several tests your doctor can use to find out if you’re infected with H. pylori, including: 
  • Stool antigen tests
  • Stool PCR tests
Urea breath test 

Treatment of H. Pylori?

  • Triple therapy
  • Antibiotics
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
  • Bismuth subsalicylate
  • Histamine (H-2) blockers
“Thank you for visiting Forest Hills Gastroenterology & Liver Disease, my goal is to treat my patients in a highly personalized manner and I am dedicated to give you the utmost attention and respect that you deserve. For more infromation on this disease or to schedule a consultation with me, please give us a call or book a tele-health appointment online.”

Albert Shalomov

Dr. Albert Shalomov, MD